The health industry and the means by which care is provided to
patients has transformed through the evolution of evidence-based practice
(EBP). The foundation of good research and good decision making in EBP is the
trustworthiness of the data used to make decisions. If the data cannot be
trusted, a well-informed decision cannot be made (Boswell
& Cannon, 2017). The dependability of data utilized is only as good
as the test and tools used to collect it. This is what makes reliability
and validity the most important aspects of the decision-making process.
Reliability refers to the consistency of the results obtained in a study while
validity refers to the truthfulness of the results, measures what it intends to
measure (Boswell & Cannon, 2017).