Yes, it
is ethically permissible for the government to mandate vaccinations, even when
parents or individuals refuse vaccinations. This is because vaccination is the
most effective method of preventing infectious diseases. Vaccines have developed
immunity by imitating an infection after they are injected under the skin of a
person. An infection is what causes illness after germs, such as bacteria or
viruses invade the body; attack and multiply themselves. However, this type of
infection causes the immune system to produce T- lymphocytes and antibodies. Once
the infection goes away, the body is left with a “memory” T-lymphocytes, and B-lymphocytes
that will remember how to fight that specific disease in the future.

The
first vaccination against smallpox was invented in 1798 by Edward Jenner, who
later was known as the founder of vaccinology. Jenner tested the vaccine by
inoculating a 13 year-old boy with vaccinia virus (cowpox) and by demonstrating
immunity to smallpox. According to trustworthy source, “since vaccines were
invented, the number of babies and adults who get sick or die from vaccine-preventable
diseases has gone way down- and some diseases have been wiped out altogether in
the United States.”

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Furthermore,
there are four main types of vaccines such as live-attenuated vaccines,
inactivated vaccines, subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate
vaccines, and toxoid vaccines. Although they are used to protect against different
diseases, they all have similarities where they help and prevent the disease to
occur. Thus, I strongly believe that the government should still mandate
vaccinations even when some individuals refuse to have them due to some special
conditions such as people with weakened immune systems, long-term health
problems, and people who have had an organ transplant.

 

Resources:

1.     
A brief history of vaccination. (2017, April).
Retrieved from http://www.immune.org.nz/vaccines/vaccine-development/brief-history-vaccination

2.     
Understanding How Vaccines Work. (2013,
February). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/conversations/downloads/vacsafe-understand-color-office.pdf

3.     
Vaccine Types. (2017, December). Retrieved from
https://www.vaccines.gov/basics/types/index.html